The Frillback: NPA Standard 1993:
TOTAL POINTS 100
HEAD - Plainhead, Crest, Eye, Beak, Wattle 15
COLOR - Luster, Shade, Richness, Markings 15
BODY - Neck, Breast, Back, Legs, Wing, Tail 10
FRILL - Coverage, Length, Ending, Closing,Ringlet, Curl 50
MUFF - Length, Hock, Shape, Feather Curl 10
RECOGNIZED COLORS - GRIZLE - Red, Yellow, Blue, Silver. SELF - White, Black.
A.O.C. - (Any Other Color) Includes any birds splashed, mottled or any color
not recognized. ORIGIN Home Unknown. In the first half of the 18th Century
there was isolated breeding in England and Germany. the breed was widespread
in Belgium and Holland when it was introduced into Germany. The red and blue
grizzle showed up first in Hungary. From there they found their way through
all of Austria, then Germany. Today the breeding is widespread. The white
crested has been present in the United States since 1920, the colored varieties
were imported from Europe in 1 951.
SIZE - Body carried slightly horizontal and low in stance. Slightly larger
than most German Toy breeds, having larger wings and longer tail. The length
of wing and tail feathers to be in proportion to the rest of the body size.
HEAD - Shell crested and plainhead are present in all colors. The following
is the point breakdown of 15 points for head areas:
CRESTED - Beak and wattle, 1; Eye, 3: Head (shape), 2; Shell Crest, 8 = 15
SHELL CRESTED - Shell shaped, positioned up on the back of the head, high
and erect, full with feathers, thick, and have small rosettes on each side
of the head. The crest feathers should stand straight up, not hugging the
head, and be even across at its base.
PLAINHEAD - Beak and wattle, 2; Eye, 3; Head (shape), 10 = 15 points.
PLAINHEAD - the head should be large, but in proportion to the size of the
body. the shape should be slightly oval with a well rounded forehead. There
should be a definite stop of the forehead at the wattle.
EYES - Not large, located in a direct line with the beak. Red or orange colored
iris is desired in all color varieties. Pearl, bull, cracked, gravel eyes
are major faults and will be disqualified.
BEAK - The beak is long and slender, held straight out, curved on the tip,
frequently the upper beak is slightly longer than the lower beak. Beak color
is dark on red and blue, black on blacks, horn or light on yellow and silver,
and flesh colored on whites. Wattle is thin, small and covered with white
powder on all colors.
BODY - Generally boaty in appearance.
NECK - Seemingly short, protrudes entirely from the shoulder. Has very little
throat, but well cut away.
BREAST - Broad, nicely plump, somewhat set forward (protruding).
BACK - Broad shoulders, slightly arched, sloping off gently.
LEGS - Short, with a muscular squat appearance, powerful.
TAIL - Wide feathers, rather long and borne relatively loose. The tail should
not exceed over the width of two feathers. Almost but not dragging the ground.
Each feather must have a definite wave or wrinkle.
WING - Wide and strong. The body is well covered. Wide primaries, the extreme
end rest on the tail. The wing tips should not cross but form a 'V' at the
tail. Each primary and flight feather must have a definite wave or wrinkle.
Wing and tail feathers should not be excessively long in length.
MUFF - Muff or foot feathering is preferred, two to three inches in length,
full and forming an arc shape. Feathers of the hock and foot feathering must
have a definite wave or wrinkle., the feather ending with a curl or frill.
FRILL - (Curls) - Most important factor in judging. The feathers should not
be so fluffy or straight that a well defined curl can't be formed. the frill
should cover the entire wing shield, dense on the shoulders, so that no open
areas stand out. The last row of frill, toward the tail, should run the entire
length of the wing, and be long in length. Also, of great importance is the
size of curl, the form, and the curl ending. The feather should be long in
length, thick and the feather ending should form a closed curl ending with
a round ringlet at the end. Feather curl should also be present at the ends
of the foot feathers or muff and at the ends of the hock feathers. the primary
flight feathers of the wing and tail feathers should have a definite wave
or wrinkle. ATTENTION: The amount, size, closed curl, curl ringlet, total
wing and curl coverage cannot be stressed enough. Remember the breed's name,
Disease, physical deformity of any kind, poor condition, any artificial
alteration whatever or added appearance other than natural growth, or faking
in any manner, all above at the judge's discretion.
WHITE - Pure white, without yellow tinge. Color faults: Black or bull eyes,
not a clear beak color, colored feathers.
BLACK - Jet black color with as much beetle green luster as possible over
the entire plumage. The major goal is to obtain an even shade over all the
body, flights and tail. Color faults: Grayish brown or dull fading color,
primary and flight feathers dull compared to other black areas, visible bars,
wrong eye color, white or light colored beak.
RED GRIZLE - Lacquer bright fiery brick red and strong wherever on the body,
a little lighter on the belly, rump and back. the head, neck and wing shield
feathers should be red with part of the feather being white, which forms
the sprinkling of white or grizzle pattern. Wing bar entirely dark strong
red, clearly marked. Primaries and flights, upper and under surface lightly
sprinkled with white. Color faults: Overall light red color without luster,
blue feathers or shade in the white feathered areas, dark keel, light beak,
too much white on the head, neck or wing shield.
YELLOW GRIZLE - The yellow is exactly the same as the red grizzle. Lacquer
bright golden yellow, and strong wherever on the body, a little lighter on
the belly, rump and back. the head, neck, and wing shield feathers should
be yellow with part of the feather being white, which forms the sprinkling
of white or grizzle pattern. Wing bar entirely dark strong yellow, clearly
marked. Primaries and flights, upper and under surface lightly sprinkled
with white. Color faults: Overall light yellow color without luster, blue
feathers or shade in the white feathered areas, dark keel, light beak, too
much white on the head, neck or wing shield.
BLUE GRIZLE - Blue grizzle appears in both light and dark blue. The neck
is darker metallic green than the breast and shield. The wing bar is dark
bray black to entirely black. The tail and wings are blue, with a darker
bar. The tail guard feathers are sprinkled with medium bright blue feathers.
The head, neck and wing shield feathers should be blue with part of the feather
being white, which forms the sprinkling of white or grizzle pattern. Basic
blue shade should be the same wherever on the bird. Flight feathers should
not have any white parts. Any red feathers or rust at all on the wing shield
or bar should not be present. Color faults: Too much white on the head, neck
or flight feathers, weak shade of blue, and rust or red on the wing shield
SILVER GRIZLE - Silver (Brown) grizzle appears in both light and dark silver.
The neck is darker metallic green than the breast and shield. The wing bar
is dark brown or dun color. The tail and wings are silver, with a darker
bar. The tail guard feathers are sprinkled with medium bright silver feathers.
the head, neck and wing shield feathers should be silver with part of the
feather being white or fawn color, which forms the sprinkling of white or
grizzle pattern. Basic silver shade should be the same wherever on the bird.
Flight feathers should not have any white parts. Any red, rust or blue feathers
at all on the wing shield or bar should not be present. Color faults: Too
much white on the head, neck or flight feathers, weak shade of silver, rust,
red or blue feathers on the wing shield or bar.